第一編 史
Book 1 - The History of


Table of Contents
Publisher's Forward
Author's Introduction
Preface
0.1 What is History?
0.2 Why Should You Study History?
0.3 Why is it Called a History of China and Comprehensive History of China?
0.4 The Value of Chinese History
0.5 What is the Chinese Race?
The First Stage - The Pre-Ch'in Period
The Second Stage - From Ch'in-Han to Wei, Chin, Southern and Northern Dynasties
The Third Stage - Sui, T'ang, Five Kingdoms
The Fourth Stage - T'ang, Liao, Chin, Yuan, Ming, Ch'ing
The Fifth Stage - The Ethnic Components of the Current Chinese People
1.1 Prehistory
1.1.1 Life and Culture of the Ancient Peoples During the Prehistoric Period
1.1.1.1 Paleolithic (舊石器) Cultural Development
1.1.1.1.1 Peking Man and Cultural Development during the Period
1.1.1.1.2 Ho-t'ao Man
1.1.1.1.3 Shan-ting-t'ung Man
1.1.1.2 Mesolithic (中石器) Cultural Development
1.1.1.2.1 The Ku-hsiang-t'un () Culture
1.1.1.2.2 The Cha-lan-no-erh () Culture
1.1.1.2.3
1.1.1.3 Neolithic (新石器) Development
1.1.1.3.1
1.1.1.3.2
1.1.1.3.3 The Lung-shan Black Pottery () Culture
1.1.1.3.4 The Gray Pottery () Culture
1.1.2 The Legendary Five Emperors
1.2 The Two Dynasties of Hsia and Shang
1.2.1 The Hsia Dynasty
Supplement: Chronology of Major Events During the Hsia Dynasty
1.2.2 The Shang (商) Dynasty
Supplement: Chronology of Major Events During the Shang Dynasty
1.2.2.1
1.2.2.2
1.2.3 The Political, Educational (Church-State) and Cultural Situation of the Shang-yin (呆殷 latter part of Shang)
1.2.3.1
1.2.3.1.1
1.2.3.1.2
1.2.3.1.3
1.2.3.1.4
1.2.3.1.5
1.2.3.2
1.2.3.2.1
1.2.3.2.2
1.2.3.2.3
1.2.3.3
1.2.3.3.1
1.2.3.3.2
1.2.3.3.3
1.2.3.4
1.3 The Great Kings of the Western Chou
Supplement: Chronology of Major Events During the Western Chou
1.3.1 The Rise and Fall of the Western Chou
1.3.1.1
1.3.1.2
1.3.1.3
1.3.2 Feudalism and the Clan System During the Chou Period
1.3.2.1
1.3.2.2
1.3.3 Rites, Music and Learning During the Chou Period
1.3.3.1
1.3.3.2
1.3.3.3
1.3.3.4
1.3.3.5
1.3.3.6
1.3.3.7
1.3.4 The Chou Political System
1.3.4.1
1.3.4.2
1.3.4.3
1.3.4.4
1.3.4.5
1.3.4.6
1.3.5 Chou Period Society and Culture
1.3.5.1
1.3.5.1.1
1.3.5.1.2
1.3.5.2
1.3.5.3
1.3.5.4
1.3.5.5
1.3.5.5.1
1.3.5.5.2
1.4 The Eastern Chou and Spring and Autumn Periods
Supplement: Chronology of Major Events During the Eastern Chou and Spring and Autumn Period
1.4.1 The Special Character of the Spring and Autumn Period
1.4.2 Political Hegemony of the Early Spring and Autumn Period
1.4.2.1 Eastern Chou
1.4.2.2 Kuan Chung
1.4.2.3 The Hegemony
1.4.2.4 Ch'in Duke Mu
1.4.2.4.1
1.4.2.4.2
1.4.3 Political Hegemony of the Late Spring and Autumn Period
1.4.3.1
1.4.3.2
1.4.3.3
1.4.3.4
1.4.3.5 The Wu Ch'u Battle
1.4.3.6
1.4.3.7
1.4.4 The Sage Philosopher Confucius (孔子 K'ung-tzu)
1.4.4.1
1.4.4.1.1
1.4.4.1.2
1.4.4.1.3
1.4.4.1.4
1.4.4.2
1.4.4.2.1
1.4.4.2.2
1.4.4.2.3
1.4.4.2.4
1.4.4.2.5
1.4.4.2.6
1.4.4.2.7
1.5 The Warring States Period
Supplement: Chronology of Major Events During the Warring States Period
1.5.1 The Unique Character of the Warring States Period and the Balance of Power
1.5.1.1 The Unique Character of the Warring States Period
1.5.1.2 The Situation During the Warring States Period
1.5.2 The First Phase of the Warring States Period
1.5.2.1 Three Families Divide the state of Chin
1.5.2.2 Wei Wen-hou and Wu-hou
1.5.2.3 The T'ien Clan Seizes Control of Ch'i and
1.5.2.4 The Ch'in Duke Hsiao uses Shang Yang's Ambitious Plan for Reform
1.5.3 The Second Phase of the Warring States Period
1.5.3.1
1.5.3.2
1.5.3.3
1.5.3.4 The Ups and Downs of the Kingdom of Chu and the Kingdom of Ch'in
1.5.4 The Third Phase of the Warring States Period
1.5.4.1 Chao King Wu-ling Adopts the Clothing of the barbarians to Shoot arrows and ride horses, and expands the northern border
1.5.4.2 Yen Shao Plans Strength
1.5.4.3 The Battle between Yen () and Ch'i ()
1.5.4.4 King Chao of Ch'in's Large-scale Invasion to the East
1.5.4.4.1 The Decisive Battle between Ch'in and Ch'u (楚)
1.5.4.4.2 The Decisive Battle between Ch'in and Chao (趙)
1.5.5 The Final Phase of the Warring States Period
1.5.5.1 Fan Sui ?? Ch'in
1.5.5.2 The Battle of Han-tan (邯鄲)
1.5.5.3 The Fall of the Eastern Chou
1.5.5.4 Lü Pu-wei (呂 不韋) Fishes for Strange
1.5.5.5 Hsin Lu-chun Aides Chao to Strike Ch'in
1.5.5.6 Li Shou Strikes the Hsiung-nu
1.5.5.7 Lü Pu-wei's Death
1.5.5.8 Li Ssu (李斯) Admonishes the Guests
1.5.5.9 Ch'in Eliminates the Six Kingdoms
1.6 Intellectual Thought During the Spring and Autumn, and Warring States Periods
1.6.1 The Origins of the Intellectual Dynamism of the Spring and Autumn, and Warring States Period
1.6.2 The Schools of Thought of the Many Masters of the Pre-Ch'in (Hsien Ch'in Chu-tzu)
1.6.3 The Ju-chia (儒家) and a Summary of Confucian Ideology
1.6.4 The Mo-chia (墨家) and a Summary of the Ideology of Mo-tzu
1.6.5 The Tao-chia (道家)and a Summary of Lao-Chuang Ideology
1.6.6 The Fa-chia (法家) and a Summary of the Thoughts of the Many Legalist Thinkers
1.6.7 The Ming-chia (名家) and the Theories of Kung-sun Lung (公孫龍) and Hui Shih(惠施)
1.6.8 The Theories of Tsou Yen (鄒衍) of the Yin-yang School (陰陽家 Yin-yang-chia)