HMMWV

Accessed 30 June 2018

High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle ( ) the HMMWV (pronounced hum-vee) is the primary vehicle of the US Army, the IDF and other organizations. It was originally manufactured by the US company AM General (the company was acquired by General Motors Group in 1999). The HMMWV replaced various vehicles such as the M151 Jeep and a number of light trucks used by the US Army. The vehicle was orignially referred to as the Hummer but later after a civilian vehicle based on the military version became popular, the name also became a brand. However, in the IDF and Israel in general, it is customary to refer to the HMMWV as Hummer (NB: האמר pronounciation is closer to 'hammer'. In the USA, Hummer refers to the civilian version and Humvee to the military version.) without regard to whether it is the military or civilian version.

In August 2015, the US Army announced that it was removing the Humvee from service and purchasing the new Oshkosh light truck after they had won the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) Project.

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History


In 1979, the US Army issued a requirement to develop a multi-purpose, light military truck. In July 1979, AM General of Indiana, owned by the Jewish millionaire Ira Rennert, began developing the vehicle, and in 1980 the first prototype was built. In 1981 the US Army signed a preliminary contract for the purchase of 55,000 vehicles to be delivered by 1985. The first baptism of fire for the vehicle was the US invasion of Panama. The HMMWV became famous in the First Gulf War.

More advanced models of the HMMWV have been produced in smaller quantities since 1996, and are equipped with additional defenses such as bullet-proof tinted glass, a more powerful engine and air conditioning.

Uses


The Hummer is used for dozens of tasks including: transporting soldiers and cargo, evacuating the wounded (an ambulance, that in the IDF is called the Hammer-bulance), as a courier, mounting heavy machine guns, towing artillery and launching missiles (anti-tank and anti-aircraft). The Hummer was originally designed as a reconnaissance vehicle and was not designed to enter into a direct firefight with enemy forces.

Weaknesses


The US Army has had bad experiences with the HMMWV in both low-intensity combat scenarios and fighting in built-up areas. In Operation Irene in Mogadishu (1992), the Hummers proved to be very vulnerable to the machine gun and RPG fire of the militants. In addition, the Hummers were not powerful enough to break through the barricades and checkpoints that the militias had setup throught the city. Then in the Iraq War in 2003, large numbers of soldiers were wounded or killed while in the vehicle. There was much criticism of the lack of adequate protection on the Hummer and delays in providing additional protection to the forces stationed in Iraq.

The HMMWV used by the IDF


The Hummer is the most common light truck in the IDF and is used in a variety of configurations:

In addition to the Hummer, the IDF is equipped with the Sufa, Abir and Zab armored vehicles.

Data


See Also


Field exercise with parachutists - from the site "Roads" Manufacturer Website Roi Zuckerman, a war hero, Ynet website, March 23, 2003

External Links